" CANADA BEESWAX "
BEESWAX CANDLE INFORMATION
DOES BEESWAX CLEAN THE AIR WHEN BURNED ?
Beeswax is a clean burning fuel that does not emit toxic fumes when burned.
As the flame burns, the air in the room is drawn into the flame and any
contaminants in the air are burned away. Some call this the " catalytic effect ".
Any and all flame, from any burning fuel , will do the same thing, however ,
beeswax doesn't emit toxic fumes when burned. This is what makes beeswax
the better wax to use for making candles.
Combustion is a chemical process , the rapid oxydation that produces heat
and light. Beeswax is basically a carbohydrate ( carbon , hydrogen , oxygen)
that when burned produces Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapour and Ozone. Within
the Ozone there are negative ions also called free radicals. All combustion ,
oxydation of any fuel, produces negative ions. Some fuels might produce
more negative ions than others, depending on their chemical composition.
There is no accredited scientific study ever performed to substantiate the
claim that beeswax is " the only fuel to emit negative ions when burned ".
Oh , how I wish there was , so we could put an end to this discussion.
WHY WE DON'T SELL ORGANIC BEESWAX
The majority of all " Cerified Organic Beeswax " on the market today is
produced outside Canada in far away countries to a Standard no where
near as high as the Canadian Organic Certification Standard.
There are only a handful of small isolated, Certified Organic Beekeepers
in Canada , unfortunately , none are large enough to produce consistent
quality or quantity to satisfy us with our annual beeswax requirements.
Canadian Organic Certification Standards are the highest in the world , yet ,
they still allow toxic chemicals to be used in the hive. Organic beekeeping
allows the use of Class 8 Hazardous goods to be used in the beehives to deal
with mites and other conditions in the hive. Most large beekeeping operations
in Canada use Formic Acid as the preferred miticide because it is economical,
and effective against the varroa mite. Organic beekeepers who produce organic
beeswax are allowed to use Formic Acid , along with the Oxalic Acid. Both are
organic compounds and both are Class 8 Hazardous Goods - Organic Poison.
A beekeeper in Nova Scotia , died a few years ago from long term exposure to
Formic Acid fumes, while many more experience health issues due to contact
with Formic acid. Beekeepers are more aware of the dangers of Formic Acid
and have access to protective equipment but not everyone uses them.
Beeswax is an organic material that occurs naturally , by that definition
all beeswax is " Organic " , but may not be " Certified Organic ".
Our contention is that the majority of beeswax produced in Canada by large
scale beekeepers is produced under the same protocols within the hive as
" Organic Beeswax " . The only difference is the environment outside the
hive which beekeepers have little control. Any beekeeper " Certified Organic "
or not, still has no control over the wind and the rain and any pollution that
it might contain.
There was a medium sized beekeeping operation in Alberta several years ago
that was " Certified Organic " by ProCert a Canadian Certification Agency.
Unfortunately , they were down wind of the Alberta Tar Sands which brought
into question the purity of both their honey and beeswax. One of the largest
beekeeping areas of Canada is located in Northern Alberta and B.C.in the
Peace River Area , also a large oil and gas producing area.
We don't sell beeswax pellets because no one in Canada is producing
beeswax pellets with Canadian Beeswax. Most beeswax pellets on the
market today are made with beeswax from overseas sources produced by
the Asian honeybee, that may be contaminated with toxic chemicals.
Many people over the years complain about foul smelling pellets
coming from overseas suppliers. Bee aware and bee cautious.
The Asian Honeybee produces a beeswax that is different from the
beeswax produced from the European Honeybee. The melting point is
the same, however , at room temperature the beeswax is softer.
All Canadian beeswax is produced by the European Honeybee.
MAKING CANDLES IN JARS IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Beeswax is a clean burning wax , which is the reason why the world
loves burning beeswax candles so much. Beeswax burns hotter and with
a larger flame than other waxes. When beeswax burns it requires good
air flow to burn clean. As soon as we put beeswax in a jar or any
container that restricts air flow , the flame wavers back and forth
telling us that it is starving for oxygen. A wavering flame is not
burning efficiently which results in soot contaminating the air that
we are breathing. Just look at the soot on the inside of the jar
with a candle burning inside. YUK !!
Because of the hotter flame, the container will heat up,
which could break or cause burns if touched.
The flame inside a jar results in the heat to be contained
within the jar causing the beeswax within the jar to liquefy,
resulting in the wick not standing upright and the wax burning
away a lot faster than if it was solid.
Which brings up the question - " why are there so many jar
candles on the market today ? " You will notice that jar candles
are usually made with softer waxes that produce a very small flame.
A flame that is starving for oxygen that wavers back and forth.
Quite often made with synthetic colours and scents that are
carcinogenic , that always produce soot when burned !!
MAKING CANDLES WITH ESSENTIAL OILS IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Beeswax candles burn with a very hot flame , much hotter than
other waxes. When essential oils are exposed to very high heat ,
the oils become toxic. Any oils added to a candle will affect
the burn quality of the flame , which could result in soot
being emitted. This will show up as a big chunk of carbon
on the tip of the wick and soot flowing from the flame.
The proper way to use essential oils is with a cool air mister.
MAKING CANDLES WITH FRAGRANCE OILS IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Fragrance oils are synthetic oils that are toxic and carcinogenic ,
by themselves. Breathing the fumes from fragrance oils should be
avoided, especially , heated by a candle flame.
ADDING FOREIGN SUBSTANCES TO BEESWAX CANDLES IS NOT RECOMMENDED
We have developed a very simple , yet effective method to clean
beeswax to #1 candle grade quality. We do this so that any beeswax
candle made with our beeswax will burn long , bright, clean and safe.
We believe in our beeswax so much that we guarantee it.
( But not if you add anything to it. )
Any foreign substances added to a beeswax candle will interfere with
the burn quality of the flame, resulting in airbourne contaminants,
which is contrary to the main reason we burn beeswax.
MAKING CANDLES WITH COCONUT OIL IS NOT RECOMMENDED
One of the reasons we burn beeswax is because of its high
melting point. Adding coconut oil to beeswax lowers the melting
point. The resulting mixture is softer and will burn away faster.
( see previous point about foreign substances in beeswax )
MAKING THREE WICK CANDLES IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Three separate candles in a cluster would be a more efficient use of
the beeswax and lot easier to maintain. A three wick candle is what we
refer to as a " triangle in a round hole ". Each wick produces a flame
with a round melt pool. In the middle of the candle the melt pools
overlap but not around the edge of the candle. Instead what develops
around the edge is alternating very thin walls and very thick walls.
If not watched diligently the melt pool will extend beyound the thin
edges very easily while the thick wall never gets any heat to melt.
This might be why this three wick candle in the picture, is placed
in a large ceramic saucer with a thick rim , to catch all the beeswax
that might run out of the melt pool once the edge is compromised.
When we first started on this journey of " Spreading the Light " we
experimented with multi wick candles. Our design was made with six wicks
which produced a nice even edge but after a few hours the six flames
produced a lot of heat and a lot of liquid beeswax in the melt pool.
The core of the candle also heated up which softened the beeswax.
Beeswax will burn away faster with a large melt pool. The liquid beeswax
requires less energy to vapourize, so it burns away faster.
You'll see the uneven edge in this picture of a three wick candle .
A disaster just waiting to happen. This candle weighs about six pounds
and the manufacturer claims a burn time of approximately 100 hours per
wick. In burn tests we usually experience a normal three inch pillar
candle burns at about 100 hours per pound. We would normally expect
six pounds of beeswax to burn for 600 hours. Not economical.
Square braided cotton wicking is specifically designed for beeswax
candles. Our #1 candle grade beeswax works very well with cotton
wicking due to our micro filtering process.
Atkins & Pearce is the only cotton wicking manufacturer in North America.
Square braided cotton wicking has a direction , upright like the letter " V " .
Some candle makers use coarse hemp/jute rope for candle wicking
to compensate for dirty beeswax. The oils in the rope emit an
acrid odour when burned and darken the liquid pool around the flame.
Here is a picture of the results of a burn test of two candles made
with the same ivory beeswax , burned together at the same time and
in the same room. The candle on the right has the cotton wicking
and the candle on the left has the jute/hemp wicking, YUK !
I certainly wouldn't want to be in a room, breathing the fumes
coming off a candle with the hemp/jute wicking. COUGH !
DIPPING TAPERS WITH A SINGLE PIECE OF WICKING IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Back in the old days , pre - 1800 , candle wicking was nothing more than
strands of cotton fiber twisted together. When a pair of tapers was hand
dipped with a single strand of wicking each taper burned equally poor and
required trimming. Then around 1810 or so, square braided cotton wicking
was introduced that was designed to curl when burned , this invention
ushered in a new era of self trimming wicking that did not require any
maintenance. Only catch was that the wicking had a direction and if a
pair of tapers was made with a single strand of wicking , one was made
upright and the other was made upside down. The taper candles would
burned at different rates and the upside down wicking was proned
to drip , especially if the beeswax was not cleaned properly.
For more information please
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Contact Form Canada Beeswax
2149 Quin Mo Lac Rd.
Tweed , ON.
K0K - 3J0
Tuesday - Saturday
10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.